The three-dimensional structure of an endochitinase from barley: ACS Symposium Series

Jon D Robertus, P. John Hart

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingChapter

Abstract

Endochitinases hydrolyze chitin, cleaving glycosidic bonds within the insoluble polymer. Chitin is extremely abundant, being found in the exoskeletons of many insects, crustacea and fungi. Chitinases are of commercial interest since they can be used to create chitin oligomers useful in the chemical, pharmaceutical, and food industries. We have determined the X-ray structure of the chitinase from barley. The model has been refined to high accuracy against 1.8 data. This chitinase has 10 α-helices comprising 47% of the structure. It has a very pronounced cleft, assumed to be the chitin binding and catalytic site. A number of residues, which are conserved within the chitinase family, cluster in this cleft. Presumably they play key roles in chitin binding and hydrolysis. Barley chitinase reveals an ancient resemblance to lysozyme; they share a common central core despite lacking any obvious amino acid sequence similarity. In barley chitinase, Glu 67 appears to act as the proton donor and Glu 89 as the general base in the catalytic mechanism.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationEnzymatic degradation of insoluble carbohydrates
Subtitle of host publicationACS Symposium Series
EditorsJohn N Saddler, Michael H Penner
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Pages59-65
Volume618
ISBN (Print)9780841233416
StatePublished - May 6 1996

Publication series

NameACS Symposium Series
NameACS Symposium Series
Number5

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    Robertus, J. D., & Hart, P. J. (1996). The three-dimensional structure of an endochitinase from barley: ACS Symposium Series. In J. N. Saddler, & M. H. Penner (Eds.), Enzymatic degradation of insoluble carbohydrates: ACS Symposium Series (Vol. 618, pp. 59-65). (ACS Symposium Series), (ACS Symposium Series; No. 5). American Chemical Society. http://pubs.acs.org/isbn/9780841233416