The strength of Class II composite resin restorations as affected by preparation design

J. B. Summitt, A. Della Bona, J. O. Burgess

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17 Scopus citations


This study evaluated the load, applied to the marginal ridge, required to produce failure in Class II posterior composite resin restorations with four different preparation designs. In group 1. the preparation had an extension through the occlusai groove. The other three groups employed a probox-only (slot) preparation. Group 2 preparations had facial and lingual retention grooves that extended from the gingival fioor to the occiusal surface: group 3 preparations were slots without grooves: and group 4 preparations were slots without grooves and with unsupported proximal enamel After the restorations were thermocycled, their marginal ridges were flattened and loaded to failure. Mean (SD) failure loads were 438 (73) N in group 1:383 (52) N in group 2; 297 (72) N in group 3; and 281 (63) N in group 4. Mean failure loads of groups 1 and 2 were not significantly different from each other btu were significantly greater than failure loads for groups 3 and 4. Mean failure loads of groups 3 and 4 were not significantly different.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)251-257
Number of pages7
JournalQuintessence international
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jan 1 1994

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)


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