OBJECTIVES: The purpose of this review is to identify and analyze published studies that have evaluated disparities for opportunistic infection (OI) prophylaxis between blacks and whites with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) in the United States. METHODS: The authors conducted a web-based search of MEDLINE (1950-2009) to identify original research articles evaluating the use of OI prophylaxis between blacks and whites with HIV/AIDS. The search was conducted utilizing the following MeSH headings and search terms alone and in combination: HIV, AIDS, Black, race, ethnicity, disparities, differences, access, opportunistic infection, and prophylaxis. The search was then expanded to include any relevant articles from the referenced citations of the articles that were retrieved from the initial search strategy. Of the 29 articles retrieved from the literature search, 19 articles were excluded. RESULTS: Ten publications met inclusion criteria, collectively published between 1991 and 2005. The collective time periods of these studies spanned from 1987 to 2001. Four studies identified a race-based disparity in that blacks were less likely than whites to use OI prophylaxis, whereas 5 studies failed to identify such a relationship between race and OI prophylaxis. One study identified disparities for Mycobacterium avium complex prophylaxis, but not for Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia prophylaxis. CONCLUSIONS: The evidence regarding race-based disparities in OI prophylaxis is inconclusive. Additional research is warranted to explore potential race-based disparities in OI prophylaxis.
- opportunistic infection
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health