The sequence of panic symptoms

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23 Scopus citations


Although much research has focused on the pathophysiology of panic attacks, little work has been done to describe the phenomenon itself. Twenty-one patients with panic attacks were asked to sequence the panic-related symptoms during an attack in an attempt to clarify the phenomenon. Overall, panic symptoms could be grouped into three categories: early symptoms - consisting of dyspnea, palpitations, chest discomfort, and hot flashes; intermediate symptoms - including shaking, choking, feelings of unreality, sweats, faintness, and dizziness; late symptoms - consisting of fear and paresthesias. Based on symptom clusting and temporal relationships, this study describes the panic phenomenon.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)49-52
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of Family Practice
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 1 1988

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Family Practice


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