The role of vitamin D in blood pressure, endothelial and renal function in postmenopausal women

Zhao Min Liu, Jean Woo, Sheng Hui Wu, Suzanne C. Ho

Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

19 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Vitamin D is a pro-hormone that plays an essential role in the vasculature and in kidney function. Aims: To review the extra-skeletal effects of vitamin D on blood pressure, endothelial and renal function with emphasis on recent findings in postmenopausal women. Methods: Included in this review was a PubMed database search for English language articles through March 2013. This review discussed the physiology and definition of vitamin D deficiency, the recent evidence for the role vitamin D in blood pressure, vascular and renal function. Results: Experimental and epidemiological data suggest that vitamin D plays an important role in the vasculature and in kidney function. Low vitamin D concentrations appear to significantly associate with hypertension, endothelial and renal dysfunction. However, the results of clinical trials have generally been mixed. Studies specifically conducted among postmenopausal women are limited and findings are still inconsistent. Conclusions: Definitive studies are warranted to elucidate the effects of vitamin D supplementation on vascular and renal function and a more detailed work is needed to outline the route, duration and optimal dose of supplementation. It is premature to recommend vitamin D as a therapeutic option in the improvement of vascular and renal function at the current stage.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2590-2610
Number of pages21
JournalNutrients
Volume5
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 9 2013

Keywords

  • Blood pressure
  • Endothelial function
  • Renal function
  • Vitamin D

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Food Science
  • Nutrition and Dietetics

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