The role of the Le Fort I maxillotomy in the management of incompletely resected pituitary macroadenomas

Bruce Mickey, Leslie Hutchins, Edward Ellis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Objective: The options available for the treatment of a nonsecreting pituitary macroadenoma that has been incompletely resected include reoperation, fractionated radiation therapy, and radiosurgery. Reoperation in this setting may be hindered by the same obstacles that prevented a complete resection during the initial surgical procedure, and should prompt consideration of an alternate approach or exposure. Methods: Between January 1998 and December 2003, 10 consecutive patients were referred to the Department of Neurosurgery at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center for the evaluation of a nonsecreting pituitary macroadenoma that measured 3 cm or greater in diameter despite having undergone an attempt at a complete resection elsewhere. Each of these patients was reoperated using a Le Fort I maxillotomy to enhance the exposure provided by a traditional transsphenoidal approach. Results: A total or near total (> 95%) resection was achieved in each case. One patient required reoperation for the repositioning of a fat graft to treat a cerebrospinal fluid fistula and one patient experienced a worsening of anterior pituitary function postoperatively. Five patients noted improved vision and no patient experienced further visual loss. Three patients have required subsequent treatment of small foci of recurrent or progressing tumor with stereotactic radiation therapy. No patient has received fractionated radiation therapy. Conclusion: The added exposure provided by a Le Fort I maxillotomy facilitates the resection of pituitary macroadenomas that have been incompletely resected by a traditional transnasal, trans-sphenoidal approach.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)369-378
Number of pages10
JournalSkull Base
Issue number6
StatePublished - Nov 2007
Externally publishedYes


  • Le Fort I maxillotomy
  • Macroadenoma
  • Pituitary adenoma
  • Trans-sphenoidal surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Clinical Neurology


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