The Role of the Environment in Sedentary Behavior in Community-Dwelling Older Adults

Jennifer S. Brach, Gustavo J. Almeida, Subashan Perera, Andrea Hergenroeder, Mary P. Kotlarczyk, Bethany Barone Gibbs

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

To compare amounts of sedentary behavior and physical activity in adults residing in planned group residential settings to those residing in private homes, this study recruited 31 older adults who resided in planned group residential settings (n = 13) and in private homes (n = 18). Daily activities were measured using the SenseWear Armband for 7 days. Estimates of the duration of daily activities performed across sedentary, light, and moderate-to-vigorous intensities were captured. It was found that participants in planned group residential settings were older (age 85.9 ± 3.5 vs. 78.3 ± 7.2; p = 0.001) and spent more time in sedentary behaviors (12.7 ± 1.5 vs. 11.3 ± 1.6; p = 0.02) than participants in private homes. The difference was attenuated slightly after controlling for age and wear time (adjusted difference 1.2 ± 0.6 hours, p = 0.06). Thus, adults residing in planned group residential settings, which provide supportive services, were more sedentary than adults residing in private homes. The environment in which older adults live may contribute to sedentary behavior.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)31-40
Number of pages10
JournalJournal of Housing for the Elderly
Volume33
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 2 2019
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Sedentary
  • environment
  • planned group residential settings

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Gerontology
  • Public Administration
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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