The Role of the Clinical Nurse Specialist in the Future of Health Care in the United States

Jacqueline M. Gordon, Jennifer D. Lorilla, Cheryl A. Lehman

    Research output: Contribution to journalReview article

    5 Scopus citations


    The Clinical Nurse Specialist (CNS) has often struggled with attaining recognition, reimbursement, and regard as an Advanced Practice Registered Nurse (APRN). Some markets limit the CNS to a single role (typically, the nurse educator), whereas others use the CNS to their fullest potential as clinical expert, involving their CNS employees in quality monitoring and improvement, implementation of evidence-based practices in the workplace, and as expert clinical practitioners in varied settings including primary, secondary, and tertiary care. This article explores the future of the CNS in health care in the United States.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)343-353
    Number of pages11
    JournalPerioperative Nursing Clinics
    Issue number3
    StatePublished - Sep 1 2012



    • APRN
    • CNS
    • Clinical nurse specialist
    • Licensed independent practitioner
    • Licensed independent provider

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Medical–Surgical

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