Background/Purpose: Modern neonatal care, surgical treatment, and total parenteral nutrition (TPN) have improved survival rate for babies with extensive gut resections. The authors examined the role of intestinal transplantation in the treatment of these patients. Methods: The authors reviewed all pediatric intestinal transplants performed for short bowel syndrome at our center (70 transplants performed between Aug 1994 and Feb 2002). Factors affecting patient survival were analyzed. Results: Older patient age at the time of transplant was a significant factor favorably affecting patient survival (P = .031). Trends toward better survival rates were observed in those transplants performed more recently (P = .063), in those patients with greater body weight (P = .084), in those not hospitalized at the time of transplant (P = .14), and in those without concomitant liver failure (P = .12). Three-year survival rate for patients greater than age 2 years and without liver failure was 90%. However, 32% of our recipients underwent transplant at age less than one year, and most in this group (75%) had concomitant liver failure. Conclusions: For babies with irreversible intestinal failure, intestinal transplantation is a life-saving option. Results, which have recently improved, are best when transplantation compliments more conservative surgical treatments and TPN. However, there is a subset of patients who have liver disease early requiring urgent transplant.
- Intestinal transplantation
- Short bowel syndrome
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health