The ret/PTC mutations are common in sporadic papillary thyroid carcinoma of children and young adults

Cydney L. Fenton, Yvonne Lukes, Diarmuid Nicholson, Catherine A. Dinauer, Gary L. Francis, R. Michael Tuttle

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

193 Scopus citations

Abstract

The ret/PTC rearrangements (PTC-1, PTC-2, and PTC-3) are characteristic of papillary thyroid cancer (PTC). In adults, PTC-1 is common and may be associated with an aggressive clinical course. The incidence and significance of ret/PTC mutations are less well understoodin children. We examined spontaneous PTC from 33 patients (23 females and 10 males) with a median age of 18 yr (range, 6-21 yr) and a median follow-up of 3.5 yr (range, 0-13.4 yr). The ret/PTC mutations were identified in 15 tumors (45%), including 8 PTC-1 (8 of 15, 53%), 2 PTC-2 (2 of 15, 13%), 2 PTC-3 (2 of 15, 13%), and 3 (3 of 15, 20%) combined PTC mutations (PTC-1 and PTC-2). This distribution is significantly different (P = 0.001, by X2 analysis) from that reported for children with radiation-induced PTC. There was no correlation between the presence or type of ret/PTC mutation and patient age, tumor size, focality, extent of disease at diagnosis, or recurrence. We conclude that ret/PTC mutations are 1) common in sporadic childhood PTC, 2) predominantly PTC-1, 3) frequently multiple, and 4) of different distribution than that reported for children with radiation-induced PTC.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1170-1175
Number of pages6
JournalJournal of Clinical Endocrinology and Metabolism
Volume85
Issue number3
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2000
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Biochemistry
  • Endocrinology
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Biochemistry, medical

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