The regulatory domain of human tryptophan hydroxylase 1 forms a stable dimer

Shengnan Zhang, Cynthia S. Hinck, Paul F. Fitzpatrick

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations


The three eukaryotic aromatic amino acid hydroxylases phenylalanine hydroxylase, tyrosine hydroxylase, and tryptophan hydroxylase have essentially identical catalytic domains and discrete regulatory domains. The regulatory domains of phenylalanine hydroxylase form ACT domain dimers when phenylalanine is bound to an allosteric site. In contrast the regulatory domains of tyrosine hydroxylase form a stable ACT dimer that does not bind the amino acid substrate. The regulatory domain of isoform 1 of human tryptophan hydroxylase was expressed and purified; mutagenesis of Cys64 was required to prevent formation of disulfide-linked dimers. The resulting protein behaved as a dimer upon gel filtration and in analytical ultracentrifugation. The sw value of the protein was unchanged from 2.7 to 35 μM, a concentration range over which the regulatory domain of phenylalanine hydroxylase forms both monomers and dimers, consistent with the regulatory domain of tryptophan hydroxylase 1 forming a stable dimer stable that does not undergo a monomer-dimer equilibrium. Addition of phenylalanine, a good substrate for the enzyme, had no effect on the sw value, consistent with there being no allosteric site for the amino acid substrate.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)457-461
Number of pages5
JournalBiochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Issue number4
StatePublished - Aug 5 2016


  • Allostery
  • Protein regulation
  • Pterin

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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