The pro-atherogenic cytokine interleukin-18 induces CXCL16 expression in rat aortic smooth muscle cells via MyD88, interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase, tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6, c-Src, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase, Akt, c-Jun N-terminal kinase, and activator protein-1 signaling

Bysani Chandrasekar, Srinivas Mummidi, Anthony J. Valente, Devang N. Patel, Steven R. Bailey, Gregory L. Freeman, Masahiko Hatano, Takeshi Tokuhisa, Liselotte E. Jensen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

65 Scopus citations

Abstract

We recently demonstrated that the chemokine CXCL16 is expressed in aortic smooth muscle cells (ASMC) and induces ASMC adhesion and proliferation (Chandrasekar, B., Bysani, S., and Mummidi, S. (2004) J. Biol. Chem. 279, 3188-3196). Here we reort that interleukin (IL)-18 positively regulates CXCL16 transcription in rat ASMC. We characterized the cis-regulatory region of CXCL16 and identified a functional activator protein-1 (AP-1) binding motif. Deletion or mutation of this site attenuated IL-18-mediated CXCL16 promoter activity. Gel shift, supershift, and chromatin immunoprecipitation assays confirmed AP-1-dependent CXCL16 expression. CXCL16 promoter-reporter activity was increased by constitutively active c-Fos and c-Jun and decreased by dominant negative or antisense c-Fos and c-Jun. Src kinase inhibitors PP1 and PP2, phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase (PI3K) inhibitors wortmannin and LY294002, Akt inhibitor, the c-Jun N-terminal kinase (JNK) inhibitor SP600125, antisense JNK and dominant negative MyD88, interleukin-1 receptor-associated kinase (IRAK)-1, IRAK4, and phosphatidylinositol 3-kinase expression all attenuated IL-18-mediated AP-1 binding and reporter activity, CXCL16 promoter-reporter activity, and CXCL16 expression. Thus IL-18 induced CXCL16 expression via a MyD88 → IRAK1-IRAK4-TRAF6 (tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated factor 6) → c-Src→ PI3K → Akt → JNK → AP-1 pathway. Importantly, IL-18 stimulated ASMC proliferation in a CXCL16-dependent manner. These data provide for the first time a mechanism of IL-18-mediated CXCL16 gene transcription and CXCL16-dependent ASMC proliferation and suggest a role for IL-18-CXCL16 cross-talk in atherogenesis and restenosis following angioplasty.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)26263-26277
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume280
Issue number28
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 15 2005

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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