Platelet-derived growth factor, PDGF, is a potent mitogen for cells of mesenchymal origin such as fibroblasts, smooth muscle cells and glial cells. PDGF is thought to have the potential to act as both a paracrine and an autocrine factor. Studies described here extend these observations to human bone-derived cells. Exogenous PDGF induces biologic activity in two human osteogenic sarcoma cell lines and in one of these, the two PDGF genes, PDGF-1 and PDGF-2/c-sis are expressed. In addition, PDGF stimulates proliferation of normal osteoblastic cells derived from adult human cancellous bone. The expression of the PDGF-1 gene but not the PDGF-2/c-sis gene is demonstrated in normal human adult bone-derived cells by Northern blot analysis and synthesis of PDGF is shown by immunoprecipitation with PDGF antisera. These studies indicate that PDGF has the potential to act as a paracrine or autocrine regulator of bone cells.
- Bone cells
- Paracrine-derived growth factor (PDGF)
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Orthopedics and Sports Medicine
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology