The pathophysiologic, diagnostic, and therapeutic aspects of posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome during pregnancy

Mahsa Makouei, Lindsay Anne Hartup, Barbara Kate Neuhoff, Angela Rodriguez Boyd, Laleh Daftaribesheli, Seyyedmohammadsadeq Mirmoeeni, Amirhossein Azari Jafari, Daniel Agustin Godoy, Ali Seifi

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

Abstract

Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome (PRES) is a neurological condition with a wide range of symptoms, including visual disturbances, headache, vomiting, seizures, and altered consciousness. This review describes the pathophysiology of PRES, as well as the clinical, diagnostic, and therapeutic intervention during pregnancy. The gold standard for diagnosis of PRES is Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), helping to differentiate it from other similar conditions. The aim of this paper is to review the principal aspects of PRES, general care, blood pressure control, and seizures prevention while avoiding potential injuries to the mother and fetus in the event of pregnancy. We concluded that PRES can be effectively treated and reversed if prompt diagnostic action is made, and adequate care is initiated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalJournal of Maternal-Fetal and Neonatal Medicine
DOIs
StateAccepted/In press - 2021

Keywords

  • MRI
  • PRES
  • Posterior reversible encephalopathy syndrome
  • hypertension
  • neuroimaging
  • pregnancy
  • treatment

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pediatrics, Perinatology, and Child Health
  • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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