The orotomide olorofim is efficacious in an experimental model of central nervous system coccidioidomycosis

Nathan P. Wiederhold, Laura K. Najvar, Rosie Jaramillo, Marcos Olivo, Michael Birch, Derek Law, John H. Rex, Gabriel Catano, Thomas F. Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

Olorofim (formerly F901318) is an advanced analog of the orotomide class that inhibits fungal pyrimidine biosynthesis. We evaluated the in vitro and in vivo activities of olorofim against Coccidioides species. In vitro activity was assessed against 59 clinical Coccidioides isolates. Central nervous system infections were established in mice via intracranial inoculation with Coccidioides immitis arthroconidia. Oral therapy began 48 h postinoculation and consisted of vehicle control, olorofim daily doses of 20 mg/kg (6.67 mg/kg three times daily or 10 mg/kg twice daily) or 40 mg/kg (13.3 mg/kg three times daily or 20 mg/kg twice daily), or fluconazole (25 mg/kg twice daily). Treatment continued for 7 and 14 days in the fungal burden and survival arms, respectively. Fungal burdens were assessed by CFU counts in brains. Olorofim demonstrated potent in vitro activity (MIC range, 0.008 to 0.06 g/ml). Survival was significantly enhanced in mice treated with olorofim. Reductions in brain tissue fungal burdens were also observed on day 9 in the olorofim-treated groups. Improvements in survival and reductions in fungal burdens also occurred with fluconazole. More frequent dosing of olorofim was associated with enhanced survival and greater reductions in fungal burdens. In the group treated with 13.3 mg/kg olorofim three times daily, fungal burdens remained low on day 30 (15 days after treatment was stopped), with undetectable levels in 7 of 10 mice. In contrast, fungal burdens rebounded in all other groups after therapy stopped. Olorofim was highly active in vitro and in vivo against Coccidioides. These results demonstrate that olorofim may have a role in the treatment of coccidioidomycosis.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere00999-18
JournalAntimicrobial agents and chemotherapy
Volume62
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2018

Keywords

  • Central nervous system
  • Coccidioides immitis
  • Coccidioidomycosis
  • F901318
  • Olorofim

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology
  • Pharmacology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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    Wiederhold, N. P., Najvar, L. K., Jaramillo, R., Olivo, M., Birch, M., Law, D., Rex, J. H., Catano, G., & Patterson, T. F. (2018). The orotomide olorofim is efficacious in an experimental model of central nervous system coccidioidomycosis. Antimicrobial agents and chemotherapy, 62(9), [e00999-18]. https://doi.org/10.1128/AAC.00999-18