OBJECTIVE - The clinical value of metabolic syndrome is uncertain. Thus, we examined cardiovascular disease (CVD) and diabetes risk prediction by the National Cholesterol Education Program (NCEP)-Adult Treatment Panel III (ATPIII), International Diabetes Federation, and World Health Organization definitions of the metabolic syndrome. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - We analyzed the risks associated with metabolic syndrome, the NCEP multiple risk factor categories, and 2-h glucose values in the San Antonio Heart Study (n = 2,559; age range 25-64 years; 7.4 years of follow-up). RESULTS - Both ATPIII metabolic syndrome plus age ≥45 years (odds ratio 9.25 [95% CI 4.85-17.7]) and multiple (two or more) risk factors plus a 10-year coronary heart disease (CHD) risk of 10-20% (11.9 [6.00 -23.6]) had similar CVD risk in men without CHD, as well as CHD risk equivalents. In women counterparts, multiple (two or more) risk factors plus a 10-year CHD risk of 10-20% was infrequent (10 of 1,254). However, either a 10-year CHD risk of 5-20% (7.72 [3.42-17.4]) or ATPIII metabolic syndrome plus age ≥55 years (4.98 [2.08 -12.0]) predicted CVD. ATPIII metabolic syndrome increased the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve of a model containing age, sex, ethnic origin, family history of diabetes, and 2-h and fasting glucose values (0.857 vs. 0.842, P = 0.013). All three metabolic syndrome definitions imparted similar CVD and diabetes risks. CONCLUSIONS - Metabolic syndrome is associated with a significant CVD risk, particularly in men aged ≥45 years and women aged ≥55 years. The metabolic syndrome predicts diabetes beyond glucose intolerance alone.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Internal Medicine
- Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
- Advanced and Specialized Nursing