The Inverse Correlation Between the Duration of Lifetime Occupational Radiation Exposure and the Prevalence of Atrial Arrhythmia

Rithika Thirumal, Catherine Vanchiere, Ruchi Bhandari, Sania Jiwani, Ronald Horswell, San Chu, Surbhi Chamaria, Pavan Katikaneni, Marjan Boerma, Rakesh Gopinathannair, Brian Olshansky, Steven Bailey, Paari Dominic

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: Advancements in fluoroscopy-assisted procedures have increased radiation exposure among cardiologists. Radiation has been linked to cardiovascular complications but its effect on cardiac rhythm, specifically, is underexplored. Methods: Demographic, social, occupational, and medical history information was collected from board-certified cardiologists via an electronic survey. Bivariate and multivariable logistic regression analyses were performed to assess the risk of atrial arrhythmias (AA). Results: We received 1,478 responses (8.8% response rate) from cardiologists, of whom 85.4% were male, and 66.1% were ≤65 years of age. Approximately 36% were interventional cardiologists and 16% were electrophysiologists. Cardiologists > 50 years of age, with > 10,000 hours (h) of radiation exposure, had a significantly lower prevalence of AA vs. those with ≤10,000 h (11.1% vs. 16.7%, p = 0.019). A multivariable logistic regression was performed and among cardiologists > 50 years of age, exposure to > 10,000 radiation hours was significantly associated with a lower likelihood of AA, after adjusting for age, sex, diabetes mellitus, hypertension, and obstructive sleep apnea (adjusted OR 0.57; 95% CI 0.38–0.85, p = 0.007). The traditional risk factors for AA (age, sex, hypertension, diabetes mellitus, and obstructive sleep apnea) correlated positively with AA in our data set. Cataracts, a well-established complication of radiation exposure, were more prevalent in those exposed to > 10,000 h of radiation vs. those exposed to ≤10,000 h of radiation, validating the dependent (AA) and independent variables (radiation exposure), respectively. Conclusion: AA prevalence may be inversely associated with radiation exposure in Cardiologists based on self-reported data on diagnosis and radiation hours. Large-scale prospective studies are needed to validate these findings.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number863939
JournalFrontiers in Cardiovascular Medicine
Volume9
DOIs
StatePublished - May 30 2022
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • atrial arrhythmia
  • electrophysiologists
  • fluoroscopy
  • interventional cardiologists
  • invasive cardiology
  • radiation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine

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