The Interplay among Subunit Composition, Cardiolipin Content, and Aggregation State of Bovine Heart Cytochrome c Oxidase

Erik Sedlák, Tibor Kožár, Andrey Musatov

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

3 Scopus citations

Abstract

Mitochondrial cytochrome c oxidase (CcO) is a multisubunit integral membrane complex consisting of 13 dissimilar subunits, as well as three to four tightly bound molecules of cardiolipin (CL). The monomeric unit of CcO is able to form a dimer and participate in the formation of supercomplexes in the inner mitochondrial membrane. The structural and functional integrity of the enzyme is crucially dependent on the full subunit complement and the presence of unperturbed bound CL. A direct consequence of subunit loss, CL removal, or its oxidative modification is the destabilization of the quaternary structure, loss of the activity, and the inability to dimerize. Thus, the intimate interplay between individual components of the complex is imperative for regulation of the CcO aggregation state. While it appears that the aggregation state of CcO might affect its conformational stability, the functional role of the aggregation remains unclear as both monomeric and dimeric forms of CcO seem to be fully active. Here, we review the current status of our knowledge with regard to the role of dimerization in the function and stability of CcO and factors, such as subunit composition, amphiphilic environment represented by phospholipids/detergents, and posttranslational modifications that play a role in the regulation of the CcO aggregation state.

Original languageEnglish (US)
JournalCells
Volume9
Issue number12
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 3 2020
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • aggregations state
  • cardiolipin
  • cytochrome c oxidase
  • posttranslational modifications

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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