The Influence of Context on Implementation and Improvement: Protocol for a Mixed Methods, Secondary Analyses Study

Carole Estabrooks, Yuting Song, Ruth Anderson, Anna Beeber, Whitney Berta, Stephanie Chamberlain, Greta Cummings, Yinfei Duan, Leslie Hayduk, Matthias Hoben, Alba Iaconi, Holly Lanham, Janelle Perez, Jing Wang, Peter Norton

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Background: Caring for the well-being of older adults is one of the greatest challenges in modern societies. Improving the quality of care and life for older adults and the work lives of their care providers calls for effective knowledge translation of evidence-based best practices. Objective: This study's purpose is to contribute to knowledge translation by better understanding the roles of organizational context (workplace environment) and facilitation (process or role) in implementation and improvement success. Our study has 2 goals: (1) to advance knowledge translation science by further developing and testing the Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services framework (which outlines how implementation relies on the interplay of context, facilitation, and evidence) and (2) to advance research by optimizing implementation success via tailoring of modifiable elements of organizational context and facilitation. Methods: This is secondary analyses of 15 years of longitudinal data from the Translating Research in Elder Care (TREC) program's multiple data sources. This research is ongoing in long-term care (LTC) homes in western Canada. TREC data include the following: 5 waves of survey collection, 2 clinical trials, and regular ongoing outcome data for LTC residents. We will use a sequential exploratory and confirmatory mixed methods design. We will analyze qualitative and quantitative data holdings in an iterative process: (1) comprehensive reanalysis of qualitative data to derive hypotheses, (2) quantitative modeling to test hypotheses, and (3) action cycles to further refine and integrate qualitative and quantitative analyses. The research team includes 4 stakeholder panels: (1) system decision- and policy makers, (2) care home managers, (3) direct care staff, and (4) a citizen engagement group of people living with dementia and family members of LTC residents. A fifth group is our panel of external scientific advisors. Each panel will engage periodically, providing their perspectives on project direction and findings. Results: This study is funded by the Canadian Institutes of Health Research. Ethics approval was obtained from the University of Alberta (Pro00096541). The results of the secondary analyses are expected by the end of 2023. Conclusions: The project will advance knowledge translation science by deepening our understanding of the roles of context, the interactions between context and facilitation, and their influence on resident and staff quality outcomes. Importantly, findings will inform understanding of the mechanisms by which context and facilitation affect the success of implementation and offer insights into factors that influence the implementation success of interventions in nursing homes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere40611
JournalJMIR Research Protocols
Volume11
Issue number9
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2022

Keywords

  • facilitation
  • implementation science
  • organizational context
  • PARIHS framework
  • Promoting Action on Research Implementation in Health Services

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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