The influence of blinding, olfactory bulbectomy and pinealectomy on plasma and anterior pituitary prolactin levels and on uterine and anterior pituitary weights in normal and neonatally androgenized rats

Richard R. Gala, William P. Clarke, Daniel J. Haisenleder, Jenn Tser Pan, David R. Pieper

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Abstract

Lactating Sprague-Dawley rats had their litters adjusted to 8-10 pups on day 3 of lactation favoring females and some litters were injected with 1.25 mg of testosterone proprionate to neonatally androgenize (NA) them. At 22-25 days of age both normal and NA animals were overiectomized (OVX) and subjected to either sham olfactory bulbectomy (ANOS) + sham pinealectomy (PX), blinding (BLD) + ANOS or BLD + ANOS + pinealectomy (PX). At 13 weeks of age all animals were injected with 0.5 mg of polyestradiol phosphate. At 15 weeks of age the animals were fitted with atrial catheters and at 16 weeks of age blood samples (0.3 ml) were obtained every 3 hours over a 24 hour period. Uterine and anterior pituitary (AP) weights were recorded at sacrifice. Plasma and AP were assayed for prolactin (PRL) by RIA and AP were also assayed for PRL using the Nb2 lymphoma cell PRL bioassay. In both normal and NA animals, BLD + ANOS suppressed plasma PRL levels and PX partially prevented this response. Uterine weights were similar among groups while AP weights were significantly lower for sensory deprived animals. Anterior pituitaries extracted at pH 7.6 had a PRL concentration that was higher for the BLD + ANOS groups when estimated by either RIA or BA, a result that was not observed when the AP were extracted at pH 10.6. The amount of PRL extracted at pH 10.6 was twice that obtained at pH 7.6. Sensory deprived animals that were OVX prepubertally and administered estrogen as adults had a small but significant increase in mean plasma prolactin at 1700 hr. Both normal and NA animals responded in a similar manner to experimental manipulation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1617-1624
Number of pages8
JournalLife Sciences
Volume36
Issue number17
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 29 1985
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

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