The incidence and risk factors of associated Acute Myocardial Infarction (AMI) in Acute Cerebral Ischemic (ACI) events in the United States

Ali Seifi, Kevin Carr, Mitchell Maltenfort, Michael Moussouttas, Lee Birnbaum, Augusto Parra, Owoicho Adogwa, Rodney Bell, Fred Rincon

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11 Scopus citations


Objectives: To determine the association between myocardial infarction (AMI) and clinical outcome in patients with primary admissions diagnosis of acute cerebral ischemia (ACI) in the US. Methods: Data from Nationwide Inpatient Sample (NIS) was queried from 2002-2011 for inpatient admissions of patients with a primary diagnosis of ACI with and without AMI using International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification coding (ICD-9). A multivariate stepwise regression analysis was performed to assess the correlation between identifiable risk factors and clinical outcomes. Results: During 10 years the NIS recorded 886,094 ACI admissions with 17,526 diagnoses of AMI (1.98%). The overall cumulative mortality of cohort was 5.65%. In-hospital mortality was associated with AMI (aOR 3.68; 95% CI 3.49-3.88, p≤ 0.0001), rTPA administration (aOR 2.39 CI, 2.11-2.71, p<0.0001), older age (aOR 1.03, 95% CI, 1.03-1.03, P,0.0001) and women (aOR 1.06, 95% CI 1.03-1.08, P<0.0001). Overall, mortality risk declined over the course of study; from 20.46% in 2002 to 11.8% in 2011 (OR 0.96, 95% CI 0.95-0.96, P<0.0001). Survival analysis demonstrated divergence between the AMI and non-AMI sub-groups over the course of study (log-rank p<0.0001). Conclusion: Our study demonstrates that although the prevalence of AMI in patients hospitalized with primary diagnosis of ACI is low, it negatively impacts survival. Considering the high clinical burden of AMI on mortality of ACI patients, a high quality monitoring in the event of cardiac events should be maintained in this patient cohort. Whether prompt diagnosis and treatment of associated cardiovascular diseases may improve outcome, deserves further study.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numbere105785
JournalPloS one
Issue number8
StatePublished - Aug 28 2014

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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