The importance of the N-terminal segment for DnaJ-mediated folding of rhodanese while bound to ribosomes as peptidyl-tRNA

W. Kudlicki, O. W. Odom, G. Kramer, B. Hardesty, G. A. Merrill, P. M. Horowitz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

21 Scopus citations


Two lines of evidence indicate the importance of the N-terminal portion of rhodanese for correct folding of the nascent ribosome-bound polypeptide. A mutant gene lacking the codons for amino acids 1-23 of the wild-type protein is expressed very efficiently by coupled transcription/translation on Escherichia coli ribosomes; however, the mutant protein that is released from the ribosomes is enzymatically inactive. The mutant protein does not undergo the reaction that is promoted by the bacterial chaperone, DnaJ, which appears to be essential for folding of ribosome-bound rhodanese into the native conformation. The effect of DnaJ is monitored by fluorescence from coumarin cotranslationally incorporated at the N terminus of nascent rhodanese. Secondly, a synthetic peptide corresponding to the N-terminal 17 amino acids of the wild-type protein interferes with the synthesis of wild-type rhodanese but has much less effect on the synthesis of the N-terminal deletion mutant. The N-terminal peptide inhibits the effect of DnaJ on the nascent wild-type rhodanese and blocks the chaperone-mediated release and activation of ribosome-bound full-length rhodanese polypeptides that accumulate during in vitro synthesis. The results lead to the hypothesis that the N-terminal segment of rhodanese is required for its chaperone-dependent folding on the ribosome.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)10650-10657
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Issue number18
StatePublished - 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology


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