The impact of Vietnam service on heroin-addicted veterans

Jim Mintz, Charles P. O'brien, Beverly Pomerantz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

4 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Age-matched samples of Vietnam veterans and veterans who did not serve in Vietnam were surveyed at the time that they applied for treatment of heroin addiction. Vietnam veterans were more likely to have begun using heroin during their military service, and they were more likely to say that their service experiences had affected their use of drugs, usually citing relief of fear and tensions of war. Veterans who had not been in Vietnam were somewhat more likely to have begun using drugs after service, and generally indicated that their military experiences had not affected their drug use. When they did cite an effect of service, the factors usually indicated were boredom and a lack of meaningful activity. Attitudes toward narcotic use were negative in both groups, but significantly less so among Vietnam veterans. However, these attitudes did not relate to patterns of current or past drug use. Groups did not differ in the extent of or reasons for current illicit drug use, but non-Vietnam veterans reported more alcohol use. The Vietnam war was mentioned by one Vietnam veteran and by no non-Vietnam veterans as a reason for continuing narcotic use. Few other differences were found. Notably, typical treatment course over a 5-year follow-up period was similar in the two study groups.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)39-52
Number of pages14
JournalAmerican Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse
Volume6
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - 1979
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Vietnam
Heroin
Veterans
Narcotics
Pharmaceutical Preparations
Boredom
Heroin Dependence
Street Drugs
Fear
Alcohols
Therapeutics

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Psychiatry and Mental health
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)

Cite this

The impact of Vietnam service on heroin-addicted veterans. / Mintz, Jim; O'brien, Charles P.; Pomerantz, Beverly.

In: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse, Vol. 6, No. 1, 1979, p. 39-52.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Mintz, Jim ; O'brien, Charles P. ; Pomerantz, Beverly. / The impact of Vietnam service on heroin-addicted veterans. In: American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse. 1979 ; Vol. 6, No. 1. pp. 39-52.
@article{091fb19da89743669173fdd76bcc0c5f,
title = "The impact of Vietnam service on heroin-addicted veterans",
abstract = "Age-matched samples of Vietnam veterans and veterans who did not serve in Vietnam were surveyed at the time that they applied for treatment of heroin addiction. Vietnam veterans were more likely to have begun using heroin during their military service, and they were more likely to say that their service experiences had affected their use of drugs, usually citing relief of fear and tensions of war. Veterans who had not been in Vietnam were somewhat more likely to have begun using drugs after service, and generally indicated that their military experiences had not affected their drug use. When they did cite an effect of service, the factors usually indicated were boredom and a lack of meaningful activity. Attitudes toward narcotic use were negative in both groups, but significantly less so among Vietnam veterans. However, these attitudes did not relate to patterns of current or past drug use. Groups did not differ in the extent of or reasons for current illicit drug use, but non-Vietnam veterans reported more alcohol use. The Vietnam war was mentioned by one Vietnam veteran and by no non-Vietnam veterans as a reason for continuing narcotic use. Few other differences were found. Notably, typical treatment course over a 5-year follow-up period was similar in the two study groups.",
author = "Jim Mintz and O'brien, {Charles P.} and Beverly Pomerantz",
year = "1979",
doi = "10.3109/00952997909007031",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "6",
pages = "39--52",
journal = "American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse",
issn = "0095-2990",
publisher = "Informa Healthcare",
number = "1",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The impact of Vietnam service on heroin-addicted veterans

AU - Mintz, Jim

AU - O'brien, Charles P.

AU - Pomerantz, Beverly

PY - 1979

Y1 - 1979

N2 - Age-matched samples of Vietnam veterans and veterans who did not serve in Vietnam were surveyed at the time that they applied for treatment of heroin addiction. Vietnam veterans were more likely to have begun using heroin during their military service, and they were more likely to say that their service experiences had affected their use of drugs, usually citing relief of fear and tensions of war. Veterans who had not been in Vietnam were somewhat more likely to have begun using drugs after service, and generally indicated that their military experiences had not affected their drug use. When they did cite an effect of service, the factors usually indicated were boredom and a lack of meaningful activity. Attitudes toward narcotic use were negative in both groups, but significantly less so among Vietnam veterans. However, these attitudes did not relate to patterns of current or past drug use. Groups did not differ in the extent of or reasons for current illicit drug use, but non-Vietnam veterans reported more alcohol use. The Vietnam war was mentioned by one Vietnam veteran and by no non-Vietnam veterans as a reason for continuing narcotic use. Few other differences were found. Notably, typical treatment course over a 5-year follow-up period was similar in the two study groups.

AB - Age-matched samples of Vietnam veterans and veterans who did not serve in Vietnam were surveyed at the time that they applied for treatment of heroin addiction. Vietnam veterans were more likely to have begun using heroin during their military service, and they were more likely to say that their service experiences had affected their use of drugs, usually citing relief of fear and tensions of war. Veterans who had not been in Vietnam were somewhat more likely to have begun using drugs after service, and generally indicated that their military experiences had not affected their drug use. When they did cite an effect of service, the factors usually indicated were boredom and a lack of meaningful activity. Attitudes toward narcotic use were negative in both groups, but significantly less so among Vietnam veterans. However, these attitudes did not relate to patterns of current or past drug use. Groups did not differ in the extent of or reasons for current illicit drug use, but non-Vietnam veterans reported more alcohol use. The Vietnam war was mentioned by one Vietnam veteran and by no non-Vietnam veterans as a reason for continuing narcotic use. Few other differences were found. Notably, typical treatment course over a 5-year follow-up period was similar in the two study groups.

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=0018602371&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=0018602371&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3109/00952997909007031

DO - 10.3109/00952997909007031

M3 - Article

C2 - 507021

AN - SCOPUS:0018602371

VL - 6

SP - 39

EP - 52

JO - American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

JF - American Journal of Drug and Alcohol Abuse

SN - 0095-2990

IS - 1

ER -