The impact of disruptive behavior disorder on substance use treatment outcome in adolescents

Stacy R. Ryan, Catherine Stanger, Jeff Thostenson, Jennifer J. Whitmore, Alan J. Budney

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study examined the impact of disruptive behavior disorder (DBD) on substance use outcomes in an adolescent sample. Sixty-eight adolescents and their caregivers were randomized to one of two fourteen-week, outpatient treatments: Motivational Enhancement Therapy/Cognitive Behavior Therapy (MET/CBT)+Parent Management Training+Contingency Management (CM; experimental) and MET/CBT+Parent Drug Education (attention control). This study assessed abstinence, substance use, externalizing behavior, and parenting outcomes over five assessment periods for youth with DBD (DBD+) and without DBD (DBD-). Results showed DBD+/experimental adolescents reported fewer days of marijuana use than DBD+/control adolescents. Results also showed that parents of DBD- adolescents in the experimental condition reported significantly better parenting outcomes compared to DBD-/control. Substance abuse treatment for adolescents with DBD which includes a component such as contingency management and parent training has the potential to contribute to substance use outcomes. Such treatment strategies, however, should include additional support for parents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)506-514
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Substance Abuse Treatment
Volume44
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - May 2013

Keywords

  • Adolescents
  • Contingency management
  • Disruptive behavior disorder
  • Marijuana
  • Substance abuse

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Phychiatric Mental Health
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Clinical Psychology
  • Psychiatry and Mental health

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