The Hispanic Diabetes Management Program: Impact of community pharmacists on clinical outcomes

Ola O. Oyetayo, Clyde James, Anita Martinez, Kim Roberson, Robert L. Talbert

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

9 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective: To assess the impact of community pharmacists on clinical outcomes in Hispanic patients with type 2 diabetes. Methods: 126 patients were enrolled in this longitudinal pre/post cohort study that took place in nine community and four workplace pharmacies in San Antonio, TX. Pharmacists provided education, point-of-care testing for glycemic and metabolic parameters, clinical assessment, goal setting, and drug therapy management with physicians. Study outcomes were changes in glycosylated hemoglobin (A1C) and accompanying metabolic parameters (blood pressure, lipid parameters, and body mass index) during a 1-year time frame. Results: In the overall cohort, A1C was not reduced significantly from baseline to 12 months (7.8% vs. 7.6%, P = 0.516). However, statistically significant reductions occurred for fasting plasma glucose, triglycerides, and diastolic blood pressure. None of the other parameters was affected significantly. In the subgroup of patients not at target values at baseline, significant reductions occurred for A1C (9.2% vs. 8.6%, P = 0.001), systolic blood pressure (147 vs. 143 mm Hg, P = 0.031), diastolic blood pressure (91 vs. 87 mm Hg, P < 0.001), triglycerides (259 vs. 219 mg/dL, P < 0.001), LDL cholesterol (139 vs. 123 mg/dL, P < 0.001), and total cholesterol (237 vs. 222 mg/dL, P = 0.008). Conclusion: Interventions performed by community pharmacists are effective in improving clinical outcomes in a Hispanic cohort with diabetes. Pharmacists' efforts were most successful in patients not at target glycemic and metabolic levels.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)623-626
Number of pages4
JournalJournal of the American Pharmacists Association
Volume51
Issue number5
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1 2011

Keywords

  • Community pharmacists
  • Diabetes
  • Health outcomes
  • Hispanic patients
  • Medication therapy management

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology (nursing)
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology

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