The geriatrician and geriatric psychiatrist workforce in Texas: Characteristics, challenges, and policy implications

Ciro V. Sumaya, Chidiebere M. Opara, David V. Espino

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objectives: This study provides a current analysis of the size and characteristics of the board-certified geriatrician and geriatric psychiatrist workforce in Texas, and thereby its capacity to meet increasing health needs of elders. Method: Secondary data on Texas board-certified geriatricians and geriatric psychiatrists from American Board of Medical Specialties database were analyzed. Results: The study found 1 geriatrician per 5,132 elders, and 1 geriatric psychiatrist per 21,327 elders, in Texas. Over 62% of geriatricians had active certification, 30% were females and the average age was 55.2 years. Rural geriatricians were disproportionately scarce (p <.001). Discussion: The study indicated a serious shortage of board-certified geriatricians and geriatric psychiatrists in Texas. This shortage is worse than that at the national level, and more marked along the Texas-Mexico border and counties lacking large health facilities. Addressing this workforce deficiency requires improvements in the geriatric training pipeline, reimbursements, and practice environments.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1050-1064
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of Aging and Health
Volume25
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 1 2013

Keywords

  • board-certified geriatric psychiatrists
  • board-certified geriatricians
  • geriatric psychiatrist-to-elderly population ratio
  • geriatrician-to-elderly population ratio
  • increased chronic disease burden among the elderly

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Sociology and Political Science
  • Life-span and Life-course Studies

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