Retinoic acid has the ability to act as either a weak first stage promoter or a weak complete promoter in the initiationpromotion protocol for skin carcinogenesis in the SENCAR mouse. The retinoid analog RO-10-9359 lacks this tumor promoting activity. Both retinoids however inhibit 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) promotion. Additional comparisons revealed that retinoic acid alone can induce dark keratinocytes, a characteristic of tumor promoters, while RO-10-9359 cannot. Retinoic acid but not RO-10-9359 can induce an immediate chemiluminescence response in human polymorphonuclear cells. Both retinoids, however, inhibit a TPA-induced response. Since the chemiluminescence response is believed to be due to oxygen free radical generation, the data suggest that the ability of retinoic acid but not RO-10-9359 to promote tumors and induce dark cells may be due to initial oxidative reactions at the cell membrane.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cancer Research