The fundamentals of laparoscopic surgery in general surgery residency: fundamental for junior residents’ self-efficacy

Ingrid S. Schmiederer, La Donna E. Kearse, Rachel M. Jensen, Tiffany N. Anderson, Daniel L. Dent, Davis H. Payne, James R. Korndorffer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background: Implementation of the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery (FLS) by the Society of American Gastrointestinal and Endoscopic Surgeons (SAGES) has served a need for educational structure for laparoscopic skill within General Surgery training since 2004. This study looks at how FLS affects resident self-efficacy (SE) with laparoscopic procedures. Methods: We conducted a national survey, linked to the 2020 American Board of Surgery In-Training Examination (ABSITE), in which 9275 residents from 325 US General Surgery Training Programs participated. The online survey included multimodal questions that analyzed whether participants felt they could perform the most commonly-logged laparoscopic operations among residents [Laparoscopic Appendectomy (LA), Laparoscopic Cholecystectomy (LC), Laparoscopic Right Hemicolectomy (LRH), Diagnostic Laparoscopy (DL)] without faculty assistance. This used a 5-point scaled assessment, ranging from “not able to” to “definitely able to.” Multivariate analyses determined if completion of FLS made a difference for resident self-efficacy, stratified by post-graduate year (PGY). Results: At the time of the survey, 2300 reported completion of FLS. The percentage of FLS completion increased from PGY1 to PGY5 (4.2% n = 59 vs 85.8% n = 893). PGY1 residents who completed FLS, from 48 diverse institutions, demonstrated the most significant increases in SE (p < 0.05) with significantly higher perceived self-efficacy in LA (p = 0.001) and LRH (p = 0.012). PGY2 and PGY3 residents indicated increased SE in DL (p = 0.037, p = 0.015, respectively), based on FLS completion. These FLS effects were less evident in the more senior classes. Conclusions: Completion of FLS arguably has the greatest benefits for more junior residents, as it establishes a foundation of laparoscopic knowledge and skill, upon which further residency training can build. Successful completion of the curriculum and assessment offered by the Fundamentals of Laparoscopic Surgery leads to greater sense of ability in early trainees.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8509-8514
Number of pages6
JournalSurgical endoscopy
Volume36
Issue number11
DOIs
StatePublished - Nov 2022

Keywords

  • Fundamentals
  • General Surgery
  • General Surgery Residency
  • Laparoscopy
  • Self-Efficacy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery

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