The fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor URB 597: Interactions with anandamide in rhesus monkeys

Jennifer L. Stewart, Lance R. McMahon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

16 Scopus citations

Abstract

BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE The fatty acid amide hydrolase inhibitor URB 597 increases brain anandamide levels, suggesting that URB 597 could enhance the behavioural effects of anandamide. The goal of the current study was to examine and characterize the in vivo pharmacology of URB 597 alone and in combination with anandamide and Δ 9-tetrahydrocannabinol (Δ 9-THC) in two drug discrimination assays in rhesus monkeys. EXPERIMENTAL APPROACH The effects of URB 597 alone and in combination with anandamide were investigated in one group of monkeys (n= 4) that discriminated Δ 9-THC (0.1 mg·kg -1 i.v.) from vehicle, and in another group (n= 5) receiving chronic Δ 9-THC (1 mg·kg -112 h -1 s.c.) that discriminated the cannabinoid antagonist rimonabant (1 mg·kg -1 i.v.). KEY RESULTS Intravenous anandamide fully substituted for, and had infra-additive effects with, Δ 9-THC. URB 597 (up to 3.2 mg·kg -1 i.v.) did not substitute for or modify the effects of Δ 9-THC but markedly increased the potency (32-fold) and duration of action of anandamide. The rimonabant discriminative stimulus in Δ 9-THC-treated monkeys (i.e. Δ 9-THC withdrawal) was attenuated by both Δ 9-THC (at doses larger than 1 mg·kg -1 per 12 h) and anandamide but not by URB 597 (3.2 mg·kg -1). URB 597 did not increase the potency of anandamide to attenuate the rimonabant-discriminative stimulus. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS URB 597 enhanced the behavioural effects of anandamide but not other CB 1 agonists. However, URB 597 did not significantly enhance the attenuation of Δ 9-THC withdrawal induced by anandamide. Collectively, these data suggest that endogenous anandamide in primate brain does not readily mimic the behavioural effects of exogenously administered anandamide.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)655-666
Number of pages12
JournalBritish Journal of Pharmacology
Volume164
Issue number2 B
DOIs
StatePublished - Sep 2011

Keywords

  • URB 597
  • anandamide
  • cannabinoid
  • drug discrimination
  • rhesus monkey
  • rimonabant
  • Δ -tetrahydrocannabinol

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pharmacology

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