The Evolving Epidemiology of Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus Aureus at a University Hospital

Marcelle C. Layton, Walter J. Hierholzer, Jan Evans Patterson

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

177 Scopus citations

Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To describe the epidemiology of methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) at a university hospital during a 14-month period. DESIGN: Prospective laboratory-based surveillance for MRSA with descriptive epidemiology based on medical chart review and characterization of strains by DNA typing, using pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE). SETTING: An 850-bed tertiary care university hospital. PATIENTS: Patients with clinical isolates of MRSA. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Determination whether MRSA isolates were community- or hospital-related. RESULTS: Among 87 patients with MRSA, 36 (41%) had community-acquired infections. Community acquisition was associated with recent hospitalization, previous antibiotic therapy, nursing home residence, and intravenous drug use. Greater than 3 months had elapsed from the time of discharge for 13 (62%) of the 21 patients with community-acquired isolates hospitalized within the last year. Eight patients (22%) with community-acquired MRSA had no discernible risk factors. PFGE allowed differentiation of 35 distinct whole-cell DNA patterns; heterogeneity was seen among both nosocomial and community-acquired isolates, with few instances of cross-transmission. CONCLUSIONS: Our data suggest an increase in community acquisition of MRSA. PFGE demonstrated heterogeneity of MRSA isolates from both the community and the hospital setting (Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol 1995;16:12-17).

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)12-17
Number of pages6
JournalInfection Control & Hospital Epidemiology
Volume16
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1995
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Epidemiology
  • Microbiology (medical)
  • Infectious Diseases

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