The environmental and social influences of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: A focus on rural communities

Christine U. Oramasionwu, Kelly R. Daniels, Matthew J. Labreche, Chris Frei

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

21 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

The Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic has caused far-reaching effects in sub-Saharan Africa. The pandemic has effectively diminished the workforce, increased poverty rates, reduced agricultural productivity, and transformed the structure of many rural households. HIV/AIDS further strains the already fragile relationship between livelihood and the natural and social environments of these regions. Therefore, the objective of this review is to characterize the impact of HIV/AIDS on the environment and the social infrastructure of rural sub-Saharan Africa. There are many aspects of rural life that contribute to disease transmission of HIV/AIDS and that pose unique challenges to the population dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa. Widespread AIDS-related mortality has caused a decrease in population growth for many African countries. In turn, these alterations in population dynamics have resulted in a decrease in the percentage of prime-age working adults, as well as a gender disparity, whereby, females carry a growing burden of household responsibilities. There is a rising proportion of older adults, often females, who assume the role of provider and caretaker for other dependent family members. These changing dynamics have caused many to exploit their natural surroundings, adopting less sustainable land use practices and utilizing protected resources as a primary means of generating revenue.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2967-2979
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health
Volume8
Issue number7
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 2011

Fingerprint

Africa South of the Sahara
Rural Population
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV
Social Environment
Population Dynamics
Pandemics
Population Growth
Poverty
Mortality

Keywords

  • Environment
  • HIV/AIDS
  • Rural
  • Sub-Saharan Africa

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health
  • Health, Toxicology and Mutagenesis

Cite this

The environmental and social influences of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa : A focus on rural communities. / Oramasionwu, Christine U.; Daniels, Kelly R.; Labreche, Matthew J.; Frei, Chris.

In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Vol. 8, No. 7, 07.2011, p. 2967-2979.

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

Oramasionwu, Christine U. ; Daniels, Kelly R. ; Labreche, Matthew J. ; Frei, Chris. / The environmental and social influences of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa : A focus on rural communities. In: International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health. 2011 ; Vol. 8, No. 7. pp. 2967-2979.
@article{1991695ac29c43628fdd431501a16484,
title = "The environmental and social influences of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa: A focus on rural communities",
abstract = "The Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic has caused far-reaching effects in sub-Saharan Africa. The pandemic has effectively diminished the workforce, increased poverty rates, reduced agricultural productivity, and transformed the structure of many rural households. HIV/AIDS further strains the already fragile relationship between livelihood and the natural and social environments of these regions. Therefore, the objective of this review is to characterize the impact of HIV/AIDS on the environment and the social infrastructure of rural sub-Saharan Africa. There are many aspects of rural life that contribute to disease transmission of HIV/AIDS and that pose unique challenges to the population dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa. Widespread AIDS-related mortality has caused a decrease in population growth for many African countries. In turn, these alterations in population dynamics have resulted in a decrease in the percentage of prime-age working adults, as well as a gender disparity, whereby, females carry a growing burden of household responsibilities. There is a rising proportion of older adults, often females, who assume the role of provider and caretaker for other dependent family members. These changing dynamics have caused many to exploit their natural surroundings, adopting less sustainable land use practices and utilizing protected resources as a primary means of generating revenue.",
keywords = "Environment, HIV/AIDS, Rural, Sub-Saharan Africa",
author = "Oramasionwu, {Christine U.} and Daniels, {Kelly R.} and Labreche, {Matthew J.} and Chris Frei",
year = "2011",
month = "7",
doi = "10.3390/ijerph8072967",
language = "English (US)",
volume = "8",
pages = "2967--2979",
journal = "International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health",
issn = "1661-7827",
publisher = "Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute (MDPI)",
number = "7",

}

TY - JOUR

T1 - The environmental and social influences of HIV/AIDS in Sub-Saharan Africa

T2 - A focus on rural communities

AU - Oramasionwu, Christine U.

AU - Daniels, Kelly R.

AU - Labreche, Matthew J.

AU - Frei, Chris

PY - 2011/7

Y1 - 2011/7

N2 - The Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic has caused far-reaching effects in sub-Saharan Africa. The pandemic has effectively diminished the workforce, increased poverty rates, reduced agricultural productivity, and transformed the structure of many rural households. HIV/AIDS further strains the already fragile relationship between livelihood and the natural and social environments of these regions. Therefore, the objective of this review is to characterize the impact of HIV/AIDS on the environment and the social infrastructure of rural sub-Saharan Africa. There are many aspects of rural life that contribute to disease transmission of HIV/AIDS and that pose unique challenges to the population dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa. Widespread AIDS-related mortality has caused a decrease in population growth for many African countries. In turn, these alterations in population dynamics have resulted in a decrease in the percentage of prime-age working adults, as well as a gender disparity, whereby, females carry a growing burden of household responsibilities. There is a rising proportion of older adults, often females, who assume the role of provider and caretaker for other dependent family members. These changing dynamics have caused many to exploit their natural surroundings, adopting less sustainable land use practices and utilizing protected resources as a primary means of generating revenue.

AB - The Human Immunodeficiency Virus/Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic has caused far-reaching effects in sub-Saharan Africa. The pandemic has effectively diminished the workforce, increased poverty rates, reduced agricultural productivity, and transformed the structure of many rural households. HIV/AIDS further strains the already fragile relationship between livelihood and the natural and social environments of these regions. Therefore, the objective of this review is to characterize the impact of HIV/AIDS on the environment and the social infrastructure of rural sub-Saharan Africa. There are many aspects of rural life that contribute to disease transmission of HIV/AIDS and that pose unique challenges to the population dynamics in sub-Saharan Africa. Widespread AIDS-related mortality has caused a decrease in population growth for many African countries. In turn, these alterations in population dynamics have resulted in a decrease in the percentage of prime-age working adults, as well as a gender disparity, whereby, females carry a growing burden of household responsibilities. There is a rising proportion of older adults, often females, who assume the role of provider and caretaker for other dependent family members. These changing dynamics have caused many to exploit their natural surroundings, adopting less sustainable land use practices and utilizing protected resources as a primary means of generating revenue.

KW - Environment

KW - HIV/AIDS

KW - Rural

KW - Sub-Saharan Africa

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/record.url?scp=79960787264&partnerID=8YFLogxK

UR - http://www.scopus.com/inward/citedby.url?scp=79960787264&partnerID=8YFLogxK

U2 - 10.3390/ijerph8072967

DO - 10.3390/ijerph8072967

M3 - Article

C2 - 21845169

AN - SCOPUS:79960787264

VL - 8

SP - 2967

EP - 2979

JO - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

JF - International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health

SN - 1661-7827

IS - 7

ER -