The eNOS gene: A candidate for the preeclampsia susceptibility locus?

Jennifer A. Lade, Eric K. Moses, Guanglan Guo, Alan N. Wilton, Madonna Grehan, Desmond W. Cooper, Shaun P. Brennecke

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    33 Scopus citations

    Abstract

    Objective: To investigate the endothelial cell nitric oxide synthase (eNOS) gene as a candidate for susceptibility to preeclampsia. Methods: Twenty-six Australian families containing 11 eclamptics, 59 severe preeclamptics, and 27 mild preeclamptics were used to test for linkage between the eNOS gene region and preeclampsia. Two microsatellite markers (D7S483 and D7S505) in the proximity of the eNOS gene were used. Main Outcome Measures: Logarithm of odds (LOD) scores were used to examine the cosegregation of alleles with the disease under a variety of inheritance models. Model-independent analysis, affected pedigree member method (AFFPED), and pairwise haplotype sharing between affected sibs were also used. Results: Two-point LOD score analysis gave no evidence of linkage between preeclampsia and two markers in close proximity to the eNOS gene (LOD scores < 1) for any of the inheritance models investigated, with no evidence of heterogeneity between pedigrees. The AFFPED and the pairwise haplotype sharing test on affected sibs also gave no evidence of linkage (p-values > 0.05). Conclusion: This study provides no evidence for linkage between two markers in close proximity to the eNOS gene and preeclampsia in these families. These results do not support the recent suggestion that eNOS could be a familial pregnancy-induced hypertension gene. Distinguishing preeclampsia from other hypertensive disorders in pregnancy is difficult. Hypertension appears to be a consequence, rather than a primary cause of preeclampsia. Given the vasodilatory role of the eNOS gene product, it is possible that the linkage recently reported for eNOS reflects its relationship with hypertension rather than preeclampsia.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)81-93
    Number of pages13
    JournalHypertension in Pregnancy
    Volume18
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    StatePublished - Jan 1 1999

    Keywords

    • Candidate gene
    • Genetics
    • Linkage
    • Preeclampsia
    • eNOS

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Internal Medicine
    • Obstetrics and Gynecology

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    Lade, J. A., Moses, E. K., Guo, G., Wilton, A. N., Grehan, M., Cooper, D. W., & Brennecke, S. P. (1999). The eNOS gene: A candidate for the preeclampsia susceptibility locus? Hypertension in Pregnancy, 18(1), 81-93. https://doi.org/10.3109/10641959909009613