The efficacy and safety of saxagliptin when added to metformin therapy in patients with inadequately controlled type 2 diabetes with metformin alone

Ralph A. DeFronzo, Miguel N. Hissa, Alan J. Garber, Jorge Luiz Gross, Raina Yuyan Duan, Shoba Ravichandran, Roland S. Chen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

365 Scopus citations


OBJECTIVE - This 24-week trial assessed the efficacy and safety of saxagliptin as add-on therapy in patients with type 2 diabetes with inadequate glycemic control with metformin alone. RESEARCH DESIGN AND METHODS - This was a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of saxagliptin (2.5, 5, or 10 mg once daily) or placebo plus a stable dose of metformin (1,500 -2,500 mg) in 743 patients (A1C ≥7.0 and ≤10.0%). Efficacy analyses were performed using an ANCOVA model using last observation carried forward methodology on primary (A1C) and secondary (fasting plasma glucose [FPG] and postprandial glucose [PPG] area under the curve [AUC]) end points. RESULTS - Saxagliptin (2.5, 5, and 10 mg) plus metformin demonstrated statistically significant adjusted mean decreases from baseline to week 24 versus placebo in A1C (-0.59, -0.69, and -0.58 vs.+0.13%; all P<0.0001), FPG (-14.31, -22.03, and -20.50 vs. +1.24 mg/dl; all P < 0.0001), and PPG AUC (-8,891, -9,586, and -8,137 vs. -3,291 mg · min/dl; all P < 0.0001). More than twice as many patients achieved A1C <7.0% with 2.5, 5, and 10 mg saxagliptin versus placebo (37, 44, and 44 vs. 17%; all P < 0.0001). β-Cell function and postprandial C-peptide, insulin, and glucagon AUCs improved in all saxagliptin treatment groups at week 24. Incidence of hypoglycemic adverse events and weight reductions were similar to those with placebo. CONCLUSIONS - Saxagliptin once daily added to metformin therapy was generally well tolerated and led to statistically significant improvements in glycemic indexes versus placebo added to metformin in patients with type 2 diabetes inadequately controlled with metformin alone.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1649-1655
Number of pages7
JournalDiabetes care
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 1 2009


ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Internal Medicine
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
  • Advanced and Specialized Nursing

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