The effects of the DASH dietary pattern on clinical outcomes and quality of life in adults with uncontrolled asthma: Design and methods of the ALOHA Trial

S M Nyenhuis, A Dixon, L Wood, N Lv, N Wittels, C R Ronneberg, L Xiao, S Dosala, A Marroquin, A Barve, W Harmon, M Poynter, A Parikh, C A Camargo, L Appel, J Ma

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

BACKGROUND: Poor diet quality is an important risk factor for increased asthma prevalence and poor asthma control. To address the question of whether adults with asthma can benefit from following a healthy diet, this trial will test the efficacy and mechanisms of action of a behavioral intervention promoting the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) dietary pattern with sodium reduction among patients with uncontrolled asthma.

METHODS: In this 2-arm randomized clinical trial, 320 racially/ethnically and socioeconomically diverse adults with uncontrolled asthma on standard controller therapy will be randomized to either a control or an intervention group and assessed at baseline, 3, 6 and 12 months. Control and intervention participants will receive education on lung health, asthma, and other general health topics; additionally, the intervention group will receive DASH behavioral counseling over 12 months. The primary hypothesis is that the DASH behavioral intervention, compared with the education-only control, will lead to significantly more participants with minimum clinically important improvement (responders) in asthma-specific quality of life at 12 months. Secondary hypotheses will test the intervention effects on other asthma (e.g., asthma control, lung function) and non-asthma outcomes (e.g., quality of life). Additionally, therapeutic (e.g., short chain fatty acids, cytokines) and nutritional biomarkers (e.g., dietary inflammatory index, carotenoids) will be assessed to understand the mechanisms of the intervention effect.

CONCLUSION: This trial can substantially advance asthma care by providing rigorous evidence on the benefits of a behavioral dietary intervention and mechanistic insights into the role of diet quality in asthma.

CLINICALTRIALS: gov #: NCT05251402.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)107274
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume131
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 2023

Keywords

  • Humans
  • Adult
  • Quality of Life
  • Dietary Approaches To Stop Hypertension
  • Diet
  • Asthma/drug therapy
  • Behavior Therapy/methods
  • Hypertension/epidemiology

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