THE EFFECTS OF SMOKED MARIJUANA ON PROGRESSIVE‐INTERVAL SCHEDULE PERFORMANCE IN HUMANS

Research output: Contribution to journalArticle

11 Scopus citations

Abstract

In three experiments, 8 human subjects participated in a study of the effects of smoked marijuana on progressive‐interval schedule performance. A two‐component chained progressive‐interval fixed‐interval schedule of point delivery was used. In the progressive‐interval component, the interval length began at 20 s and increased either geometrically or arithmetically (by either 20 s, 40 s, 80 s, 100 s, or 160 s) on each subsequent interval. After this interval elapsed, a single button press produced the fixed‐interval component, with a total of five reinforcers of varying magnitude ($0.05, $0.20, or $0.40) available on a fixed‐interval 20‐s schedule. After the five reinforcer deliveries, the schedule returned to the initial progressive‐interval component. Several relationships were found among rates of responding, postreinforcement pauses, and drug administration in the progressive‐interval component: (a) Postreinforcement pauses increased as the temporal requirements of the progressive‐interval schedule increased; (b) rates of responding during successive progressive‐interval components rapidly decreased to low rates of responding after the first few progressions; (c) postreinforcement pauses decreased systematically as dose of smoked marijuana increased; and (d) rates of responding increased after smoking active marijuana but not after smoking placebo cigarettes. Results are discussed in the context of behavioral control and relevance to other studies that have investigated the effects of smoked marijuana on schedule performance. 1994 Society for the Experimental Analysis of Behavior

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)73-87
Number of pages15
JournalJournal of the experimental analysis of behavior
Volume62
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1994
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • behavioral pharmacology
  • button press
  • humans
  • magnitude of reinforcement
  • marijuana
  • postreinforcement pause
  • progressive‐interval schedule
  • rate of responding
  • schedule control

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Experimental and Cognitive Psychology
  • Behavioral Neuroscience

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