Biodegradable implants that release growth factors or other bioactive agents in a controlled manner are investigated to enhance the repair of musculoskeletal tissues. In this study, the in vitro release characteristics and mechanical properties of a 50:50 polylactic acid/polyglycolic acid two phase implant were examined over a 6-week period under no-load conditions or under a cyclic compressive load, such as that experienced when walking slowly during rehabilitation. The results demonstrated that a cyclic compressive load significantly slows the decrease of molecular chain size during the first week, significantly increases protein release for the first 2-3 weeks, and significantly stiffens the implant for the first 3 weeks. It was also shown that protein release is initially high and steadily decreases with time until the molecular weight declines to about 20% of its original value (approximately 4 weeks). Once this threshold is reached, increased protein release, surface deformation, and mass loss occurs. This study also showed that dynamic loading and the environment in which an implant is placed affect its biodegradation. Therefore, it may be essential that in vitro degradation studies of these or similar implants include a dynamic functional environment.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cell Biology