The effect of parenteral testosterone replacement on prostate specific antigen in hypogonadal men with erectile dysfunction

David A. Svetec, Edith D. Canby, Ian M. Thompson, Edmund S. Sabanegh

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

47 Scopus citations


Purpose: Parenteral testosterone supplementation is a common treatment for erectile dysfunction in hypogonadal men. Despite its frequent use, the effect of testosterone on prostate specific antigen (PSA) in these patients has not been documented previously. In this study we determined the effect of parenteral testosterone replacement on PSA and PSA velocity in a group of men being treated for erectile dysfunction. Materials and Methods: A retrospective analysis of 48 patients (mean age 65.9) was performed and 2 study groups were identified. Group I consisted of 27 patients with a serum PSA level before and after initiating testosterone replacement therapy, and group 2 consisted of 27 men with a minimum of 3 PSA measurements (intervals of 6 months or greater) while on testosterone replacement. Each man had erectile dysfunction, a normal digital rectal examination and a low or low- normal total serum testosterone level before initiating therapy. Testosterone replacement was discontinued if no subjective improvement in erectile function was obtained, or if prostate adenocarcinoma was suggested by digital rectal examination or PSA. Results: The mean increase in PSA after initiating testosterone replacement was 0.29 ng./ml. representing a mean change of 37% from baseline (mean interval 12.8 months). The mean PSA velocity was 0.05 ng./ml. per year. Pretreatment testosterone level, age and testosterone dose did not independently alter the PSA during testosterone replacement. Eleven men required prostate biopsies during treatment. Biopsies were indicated for abnormal digital rectal examination in 10 men and an elevated PSA in 1. All biopsies were benign. Conclusions: Parenteral testosterone replacement in hypogonadal men with normal pretreatment digital rectal examination and serum PSA levels does not alter PSA or PSA velocity beyond established nontreatment norms. Thus, any significant increase in PSA or PSA velocity should not be attributed to testosterone replacement therapy and should be evaluated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1775-1777
Number of pages3
JournalJournal of Urology
Issue number5
StatePublished - Nov 1997


  • Hypogonadism
  • Impotence
  • Prostate-specific antigen
  • Prostatic neoplasms
  • Testosterone

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Urology


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