The effect of microabrasion on restorative materials and tooth surface

D. C.N. Chan, K. C. Lemke, M. L. Howell, N. Barghi

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations

Abstract

The effect of microabrasion on human enamel has been well documented; however, no information is available on its effect on dentin or restorative materials. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effect of the microabrasion technique on the surface roughness of restorative materials and enamel and dentin surfaces. Flat disks of amalgam, composite resin, porcelain, and glass ionomer were evaluated. Labial enamel of three maxillary incisors and three molars that were flattened buccally to expose dentin were also tested. The Prema microabrasion compound was applied to each with a 10:1 gear-reduction, slow-speed handpiece for 5 seconds, then rinsed for 10 seconds. Roughness was deterwith a profilometer. This procedure was repeated 20 times for each sample. A polyvinylsiloxane impression of the surface was taken after 0, 5, 10, 15, and 20 applications and examined under a scanning electron microscope. Enamel surface roughness did not improve as previously reported, suggesting that changes in optical characteristics may not be as important as removal of enamel in obtaining esthetic results. Dentin and glass ionomer exhibited an increase in roughness, such that their presence contraindicates the technique. Amalgam was essentially polished. Porcelain was most resistant to the effects of microabrasion. Judicious use of the technique, especially when restorative materials are present, is advised.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)63-68
Number of pages6
JournalOperative dentistry
Volume21
Issue number2
StatePublished - Mar 1 1996

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Dentistry(all)

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