Purpose: To evaluate the effect of temporomandibular joint (TMJ) disc repositioning and post-operative functional splint for the treatment of anterior disc displacement (ADD) in juvenile patients with Class II malocclusion. Materials and methods: Juvenile patients (≤20 years) who had bilateral TMJ ADD with and Class II malocclusion treated by disc repositioning and functional splints were included in the study. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and cephalometric radiographs before surgery (T0), immediately after surgery (T1) and more than 3 months after surgery (T3) were obtained in all patients. Cephalometric values including condylar height, overjet, SNA, SNB and pogonion position etc. were measured and compared before and after disc repositioning by statistical analysis. Fourteen patients (13 female, 1 male) were included in this study. Their average age was 16.7 years (range, 12–20 years). Results: Seven patients with 14 joints had an MRI at least 6 months (6–24 months, mean 14.3) prior to disc repositioning. When compared to the MRI taken just prior to surgery, of those 14 joints, 9 condyles (64.3%) had evidence of bone resorption, 5 condyles (35.7%) had new bone formation mostly at the posterior part of the condyle (21.4%). These MRIs showed the condylar height was reduced 0.81 mm ± 0.61 (P = 0.013). Pre-operative cephalometric radiographs showed increased overjet (P = 0.039). The mean post-operative follow-up was 9.4 months (range, 4–13 months). Postoperative MRI showed the condylar height increased 1.74 ± 0.98 mm after disc repositioning (P < 0.001). Newly generated bone was observed on all condyles. 84.6% of the new bone was formed on the superior and posterior-anterior surfaces. Postoperative cephalometric radiographs showed the SNB angle increased 1.83 ± 1.56°(P < 0.001), pogonion position (pg’-G′) moved anteriorly 2.18 ± 3.13 mm (P = 0.028) and incisor overjet decreased 3.55 ± 1.86 mm (P < 0.001), whereas significant changes were not found in SNA, Sn - G Vert, Y-Axis, U1 – SN, IMPA (L1-MP) and U1-L1 (P > 0.05). Conclusion: Conservative treatment for ADD with Class II malocclusion in juvenile patients may cause condyle resorption and aggravate the dentofacial deformity. Disc repositioning combined with post-operative functional splints can effectively promote condylar growth and help correct the dentofacial deformity.
- Anterior disc displacement
- Disc repositioning with miniscrew anchor
- Orthodontic functional splint
- Skeletal Class II malocclusion
- Temporomandibular joint
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Oral Surgery