The effect of different levels of dietary restriction on glucose homeostasis and metabolic memory

Stephanie Matyi, Jordan Jackson, Karla Garrett, Sathyaseelan S. Deepa, Archana Unnikrishnan

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

7 Scopus citations

Abstract

Over the past 50 years, dietary restriction (DR) has been shown to extend the life span of a wide variety of organisms. A hallmark feature of DR is improved glucose homeostasis resulting in increased glucose tolerance and insulin sensitivity of animals ranging from rodents to humans. In this study, we demonstrate the early effects of varying levels of DR on glucose tolerance. Within 10 days of 40% DR, glucose tolerance was significantly improved and by 120 days; 10 and 20% DR also showed enhanced glucose tolerance. All three levels of DR showed reduced adiposity, increased expression of genes involved in fat turnover, and a reduction in the expression for markers of inflammation. Studies have shown that mice fed a DR diet retained metabolic memory in terms of improved glucose tolerance even after DR is discontinued. We show that 40% DR not only has an early effect on glucose tolerance but also maintained it after DR was discontinued for 2 months. Therefore, improvement in glucose tolerance is brought about by all three levels of DR but the metabolic memory is not dose responsive.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)139-149
Number of pages11
JournalGeroScience
Volume40
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2018

Keywords

  • Adiposity
  • Dietary restriction
  • Gene expression
  • Glucose tolerance
  • Metabolic memory

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Aging
  • Geriatrics and Gerontology

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