The DNA-binding activity of USP1-associated factor 1 is required for efficient RAD51-mediated homologous DNA pairing and homology-directed DNA repair

Fengshan Liang, Adam S. Miller, Caroline Tang, David Maranon, Elizabeth A. Williamson, Robert Hromas, Claudia Wiese, Weixing Zhao, Patrick Sung, Gary M. Kupfer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations

Abstract

USP1-associated factor 1 (UAF1) is an integral component of the RAD51-associated protein 1 (RAD51AP1)-UAF1-ubiquitin- specific peptidase 1 (USP1) trimeric deubiquitinase complex. This complex acts on DNA-bound, monoubiquitinated Fanconi anemia complementation group D2 (FANCD2) protein in the Fanconi anemia pathway of the DNA damage response. Moreover, RAD51AP1 and UAF1 cooperate to enhance homologous DNA pairing mediated by the recombinase RAD51 in DNA repair via the homologous recombination (HR) pathway. However, whereas the DNA-binding activity of RAD51AP1 has been shown to be important for RAD51-mediated homologous DNA pairing and HR-mediated DNA repair, the role of DNA binding by UAF1 in these processes is unclear.Wehave isolated mutant UAF1 variants that are impaired in DNA binding and tested them together with RAD51AP1 in RAD51-mediated HR. This biochemical analysis revealed that the DNA-binding activity of UAF1 is indispensable for enhanced RAD51 recombinase activity within the context of the UAF1-RAD51AP1 complex. In cells, DNA-binding deficiency of UAF1 increased DNA damage sensitivity and impaired HR efficiency, suggesting that UAF1 and RAD51AP1 have coordinated roles in DNA binding during HR and DNA damage repair. Our findings show that even though UAF1's DNA-binding activity is redundant with that of RAD51AP1 in FANCD2 deubiquitination, it is required for efficient HR-mediated chromosome damage repair.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)8186-8194
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Biological Chemistry
Volume295
Issue number24
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 12 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry
  • Molecular Biology
  • Cell Biology

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