The characterization of Abelson helper integration site-1 in skeletal muscle and its links to the metabolic syndrome

Matthew J. Prior, Victoria C. Foletta, Jeremy B. Jowett, David H. Segal, Melanie A. Carless, Joanne E. Curran, Tom D. Dyer, Eric K. Moses, Andrew J. McAinch, Nicky Konstantopoulos, Kiymet Bozaoglu, Greg R. Collier, David Cameron-Smith, John Blangero, Ken R. Walder

    Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

    9 Scopus citations


    The human Abelson helper integration site-1 (AHI1) gene is associated with both neurologic and hematologic disorders; however, it is also located in a chromosomal region linked to metabolic syndrome phenotypes and was identified as a type 2 diabetes mellitus susceptibility gene from a genomewide association study. To further define a possible role in type 2 diabetes mellitus development, AHI1 messenger RNA expression levels were investigated in a range of tissues and found to be highly expressed in skeletal muscle as well as displaying elevated levels in brain regions and gonad tissues. Further analysis in a rodent polygenic animal model of obesity and type 2 diabetes mellitus identified increased Ahi-1 messenger RNA levels in red gastrocnemius muscle from fasted impaired glucose-tolerant and diabetic rodents compared with healthy animals (P < .002). Moreover, elevated gene expression levels were confirmed in skeletal muscle from fasted obese and type 2 diabetes mellitus human subjects (P < .02). RNAi-mediated suppression of Ahi-1 resulted in increased glucose transport in rat L6 myotubes in both the basal and insulin-stimulated states (P < .01). Finally, single nucleotide polymorphism association studies identified 2 novel AHI1 genetic variants linked with fasting blood glucose levels in Mexican American subjects (P < .037). These findings indicate a novel role for AHI1 in skeletal muscle and identify additional genetic links with metabolic syndrome phenotypes suggesting an involvement of AHI1 in the maintenance of glucose homeostasis and type 2 diabetes mellitus progression.

    Original languageEnglish (US)
    Pages (from-to)1057-1064
    Number of pages8
    JournalMetabolism: Clinical and Experimental
    Issue number7
    StatePublished - Jul 2010

    ASJC Scopus subject areas

    • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism
    • Endocrinology


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