The association of metalloendopeptidase EC 3.4.24.15 at the extracellular surface of the AtT-20 cell plasma membrane

Peter J. Crack, T. J. Wu, Philip M. Cummins, Emer S. Ferro, John W. Tullai, Marc J. Glucksman, James L. Roberts

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

56 Scopus citations

Abstract

Endopeptidase EC 3.4.24.15 (EP24.15) is a soluble, neuropeptide- degrading metalloenzyme, widely expressed in the brain, pituitary and gonads. For the physiological metabolism of neuropeptides, the enzyme should be located extracellularly, either associated with the plasma membrane or in the extracellular milieu. Western immunoblot analyses of crude cytosolic and post-nuclear membrane fractions prepared by differential centrifugation revealed a slightly smaller molecular mass (~ 2 kDa) for EP24.15 in the post-nuclear membrane fraction. This smaller EP24.15 species was also present in an enriched fraction of plasma membrane prepared by Percoll gradient centrifugation. To ascertain whether EP24.15 is associated with the extracellular surface of plasma membrane, two sets of experiments were carried out. First, Western immunoblot analysis of AtT-20 cells treated with the membrane-impermeable, thiol-cleavable cross-linker, 3,3'-dithio- bis(sulpho-succinimidyl-propionate) (DTSSP), indicated an extracellular membrane association. After cross-linking and thiol-reduction, a distinct band corresponding to EP24.15 was significantly diminished under non-reducing conditions. Second, immunocytochemical studies performed at 4°C on non- permeabilized AtT-20 cells (i.e., non-fixed to prevent antibody internalization), indicated that EP24.15 was expressed on the surface of the AtT-20 cells. We furthermore determined that EP24.15 enzymatic activity is present on the extracellular surface of the cell discernable from the secreted enzyme. These results suggest that the EP24.15 is associated with the extracellular surface of the AtT-20 cell plasma membrane and is enzymatically active. Taken together, the results are consistent with a putative role in the degradation of neuropeptides acting at the external cell surface.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)113-124
Number of pages12
JournalBrain Research
Volume835
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 24 1999
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • AtT-20 cell
  • EP24.15
  • Extracellular membrane association
  • Metalloendopeptidase

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Neuroscience(all)
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology

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