The affect of relative lordosis on dynamic torsional stability in the lumbar spine

R. P. Morris, K. J. Garges, R. M. Patterson, J. Yang, W. L. Buford, A. J. Muffoletto, J. W. Simmons

Research output: Contribution to journalConference article

Abstract

The purpose of the study is to investigate one of the factors that appear to be responsible for the high incidence of back pain and disability, inefficacious lumbar lordosis. It has been the observation of many back pain specialists that patients with back pain and disc problems have a decreased lumbar curvature; this has been presumed by some to be a result of muscle spasm, but by others as a cause of the primary malady. Six cadaver spinal segments were tested on a materials testing system (MTS) in varying degrees of lumbar curvature to see whether the curvature had an affect on stability with compression and rotation, the motions responsible for many back injuries. In all cases, increased lumbar lordosis correlated with increased stiffness. This correlation was at a maximum with respect to the spines tested, in the one with the least amount of osteopenia (estimated by radiographs and age of specimens). The results suggest that lumbar lordosis correlates with increased stiffness in cadaveric specimens. This study is ongoing and preliminary results suggest a larger sample size for the mechanical testing is needed for the study to be conclusive and statistically valid. Once that is achieved, the correlations and clinical significance can be determined.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)2540-2541
Number of pages2
JournalAnnual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings
Volume3
StatePublished - Dec 1 2002
EventProceedings of the 2002 IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology 24th Annual Conference and the 2002 Fall Meeting of the Biomedical Engineering Society (BMES / EMBS) - Houston, TX, United States
Duration: Oct 23 2002Oct 26 2002

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Signal Processing
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Computer Vision and Pattern Recognition
  • Health Informatics

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    Morris, R. P., Garges, K. J., Patterson, R. M., Yang, J., Buford, W. L., Muffoletto, A. J., & Simmons, J. W. (2002). The affect of relative lordosis on dynamic torsional stability in the lumbar spine. Annual International Conference of the IEEE Engineering in Medicine and Biology - Proceedings, 3, 2540-2541.