Human transferrin mRNA contains a 5′-untranslated region that (1) has homology to an iron responsive element and (2) is implicated in translational iron regulation of human transferrin transgenes in transgenic mice. Ferritin mRNA contains a 5′-untranslated region iron-responsive element, but iron regulation of ferritin differs from that of human transferrin transgenes in both magnitude and direction. Structural differences between the ferritin iron-responsive element and the human transferrin putative iron-responsive element may influence their iron-regulatory protein interactions and direct the differing translational responses. This study examines human transferrin RNA nucleotide sequence requirements for binding of cytoplasmic proteins and purified iron-regulatory protein. Mutations of the putative transferrin iron-responsive element similarly affected binding of purified iron-regulatory protein and liver cytoplasmic proteins, providing evidence that the IRP is one of the liver cytoplasmic proteins that binds the human transferrin iron-regulatory element and suggesting that it may be involved in iron-regulation of transferrin.
|Original language||English (US)|
|Number of pages||8|
|Journal||Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications|
|State||Published - 1995|
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Molecular Biology
- Cell Biology