TGF-β1 promotes acinar to ductal metaplasia of human pancreatic acinar cells

Jun Liu, Naoki Akanuma, Chengyang Liu, Ali Naji, Glenn A. Halff, William K. Washburn, Luzhe Sun, Pei Wang

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations


Animal studies suggest that pancreatitis-induced acinar-to-ductal metaplasia (ADM) is a key event for pancreatic ductal adenocarcinoma (PDAC) initiation. However, there has not been an adequate system to explore the mechanisms of human ADM induction. We have developed a flow cytometry-based, high resolution lineage tracing method and 3D culture system to analyse ADM in human cells. In this system, well-known mouse ADM inducers did not promote ADM in human cells. In contrast, TGF-β1 efficiently converted human acinar cells to duct-like cells (AD) in a SMAD-dependent manner, highlighting fundamental differences between the species. Functionally, AD cells gained transient proliferative capacity. Furthermore, oncogenic KRAS did not induce acinar cell proliferation, but did sustain the proliferation of AD cells, suggesting that oncogenic KRAS requires ADM-associated-changes to promote PDAC initiation. This ADM model provides a novel platform to explore the mechanisms involved in the development of human pancreatic diseases.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number30904
JournalScientific reports
StatePublished - Aug 3 2016

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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