Temporal immmunometabolic profiling of adipose tissue in HFD-induced obesity: manifestations of mast cells in fibrosis and senescence

Durgesh Kumar, Sanket Kumar Pandya, Salil Varshney, Kripa Shankar, Sujith Rajan, Ankita Srivastava, Abhishek Gupta, Sanchita Gupta, Achchhe Lal Vishwakarma, Amit Misra, Anil N. Gaikwad

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background/Objectives:: Chronic low-grade inflammation/meta-inflammation in adipose tissue leads to obesity-associated metabolic complications. Despite growing understanding, the roles of immune cell subsets, their interrelationship, and chronological events leading to progression of obesity-associated insulin resistance (IR) remains unclear. Methods:: We carried out temporal immunometabolic profiling of adipose tissue from C57BL/6 mice fed a high-fat diet (HFD) for 4, 8, 12, 16, and 20 weeks. We used clodronate sodium liposomes (CLODs) to deplete macrophages and disodium cromoglycate sodium liposomes (DSCGs) to stabilize mast cells. Results:: In the temporal HFD settings, mice showed progressive glucose intolerance, insulin resistance, and adipose tissue senescence. Histochemistry analysis of epididymal white adipose tissue (eWAT) using picro-sirius red and Masson’s trichrome staining showed extensive collagen deposition in the 16th and 20th weeks. Flow cytometry analysis of the stromal vascular fraction (SVF) from eWAT revealed T-cell subsets as early-phase components and pro-inflammatory macrophages, as well as mast cells as the later phase components during obesity progression. In our therapeutic strategies, macrophage depletion by CLOD and mast stabilization by DSCG attenuated obesity, adipose tissue fibrosis, and improved whole-body glucose homeostasis. In addition, mast cell stabilization also attenuated senescence (p53 and X-gal staining) in eWAT, signifying the role of mast cells over macrophages during obesity. Conclusion:: New-generation mast cell stabilizers can be exploited for the treatment of obesity-associated metabolic complications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1281-1294
Number of pages14
JournalInternational Journal of Obesity
Volume43
Issue number6
DOIs
StatePublished - Jun 1 2019
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Nutrition and Dietetics
  • Medicine (miscellaneous)
  • Endocrinology, Diabetes and Metabolism

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