Targeting Phosphatidylserine Enhances the Anti-tumor Response to Tumor-Directed Radiation Therapy in a Preclinical Model of Melanoma

Sadna Budhu, Rachel Giese, Aditi Gupta, Kelly Fitzgerald, Roberta Zappasodi, Sara Schad, Daniel Hirschhorn, Luis Felipe Campesato, Olivier De Henau, Mathieu Gigoux, Cailian Liu, Gregory Mazo, Liang Deng, Christopher A. Barker, Jedd D. Wolchok, Taha Merghoub

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

23 Scopus citations

Abstract

Phosphatidylserine (PS) is exposed on the surface of apoptotic cells and is known to promote immunosuppressive signals in the tumor microenvironment (TME). Antibodies that block PS interaction with its receptors have been shown to repolarize the TME into a proinflammatory state. Radiation therapy (RT) is an effective focal treatment of isolated solid tumors but is less effective at controlling metastatic cancers. We found that tumor-directed RT caused an increase in expression of PS on the surface of viable immune infiltrates in mouse B16 melanoma. We hypothesize that PS expression on immune cells may provide negative feedback to immune cells in the TME. Treatment with an antibody that targets PS (mch1N11) enhanced the anti-tumor efficacy of tumor-directed RT and improved overall survival. This combination led to an increase in proinflammatory tumor-associated macrophages. The addition of anti-PD-1 to RT and mch1N11 led to even greater anti-tumor efficacy and overall survival. We found increased PS expression on several immune subsets in the blood of patients with metastatic melanoma after receiving tumor-directed RT. These findings highlight the potential of combining PS targeting with RT and PD-1 pathway blockade to improve outcomes in patients with advanced-stage cancers.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number108620
JournalCell Reports
Volume34
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 12 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • PD-1
  • immune modulation
  • immunotherapy
  • melanoma
  • phosphatidylserine
  • radiation therapy

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology

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