Targeting Class I Histone Deacetylases in Human Uterine Leiomyosarcoma

Qiwei Yang, Ali Falahati, Azad Khosh, Hanaa Mohammed, Wenjun Kang, Ana Corachán, Maria Victoria Bariani, Thomas G. Boyer, Ayman Al-Hendy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Uterine leiomyosarcoma (uLMS) is the most frequent subtype of uterine sarcoma that presents a poor prognosis, high rates of recurrence, and metastasis. Currently, the molecular mechanism of the origin and development of uLMS is unknown. Class I histone deacetylases (including HDAC1, 2, 3, and 8) are one of the major classes of the HDAC family and catalyze the removal of acetyl groups from lysine residues in histones and cellular proteins. Class I HDACs exhibit distinct cellular and subcellular expression patterns and are involved in many biological processes and diseases through diverse signaling pathways. However, the link between class I HDACs and uLMS is still being determined. In this study, we assessed the expression panel of Class I HDACs in uLMS and characterized the role and mechanism of class I HDACs in the pathogenesis of uLMS. Immunohistochemistry analysis revealed that HDAC1, 2, and 3 are aberrantly upregulated in uLMS tissues compared to adjacent myometrium. Immunoblot analysis demonstrated that the expression levels of HDAC 1, 2, and 3 exhibited a graded increase from normal and benign to malignant uterine tumor cells. Furthermore, inhibition of HDACs with Class I HDACs inhibitor (Tucidinostat) decreased the uLMS proliferation in a dose-dependent manner. Notably, gene set enrichment analysis of differentially expressed genes (DEGs) revealed that inhibition of HDACs with Tucidinostat altered several critical pathways. Moreover, multiple epigenetic analyses suggested that Tucidinostat may alter the transcriptome via reprogramming the oncogenic epigenome and inducing the changes in microRNA-target interaction in uLMS cells. In the parallel study, we also determined the effect of DL-sulforaphane on the uLMS. Our study demonstrated the relevance of class I HDACs proteins in the pathogenesis of malignant uLMS. Further understanding the role and mechanism of HDACs in uLMS may provide a promising and novel strategy for treating patients with this aggressive uterine cancer.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3801
JournalCells
Volume11
Issue number23
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 2022

Keywords

  • EMT
  • apoptosis
  • cell cycle
  • histone deacetylase
  • histone modifications
  • inhibitors
  • leiomyoma
  • miRNAs
  • transcription factors
  • transcriptome analysis
  • uterine leiomyosarcoma

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)

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