Targeting cancer with a lupus autoantibody

James E. Hansen, Grace Chan, Yanfeng Liu, Denise C. Hegan, Shibani Dalal, Eloise Dray, Youngho Kwon, Yuanyuan Xu, Xiaohua Xu, Elizabeth Peterson-Roth, Erik Geiger, Yilun Liu, Joseph Gera, Joann B. Sweasy, Patrick Sung, Sara Rockwell, Robert N. Nishimura, Richard H. Weisbart, Peter M. Glazer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

45 Scopus citations

Abstract

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is distinct among autoimmune diseases because of its association with circulating autoantibodies reactive against host DNA. The precise role that anti-DNA antibodies play in SLE pathophysiology remains to be elucidated, and potential applications of lupus autoantibodies in cancer therapy have not previously been explored. We report the unexpected finding that a cell-penetrating lupus autoantibody, 3E10, has potential as a targeted therapy for DNA repair-deficient malignancies. We find that 3E10 preferentially binds DNA single-strand tails, inhibits key steps in DNA single-strand and double-strand break repair, and sensitizes cultured tumor cells and human tumor xenografts to DNA-damaging therapy, including doxorubicin and radiation. Moreover, we demonstrate that 3E10 alone is synthetically lethal to BRCA2-deficient human cancer cells and selectively sensitizes such cells to low-dose doxorubicin. Our results establish an approach to cancer therapy that we expect will be particularly applicable to BRCA2-related malignancies such as breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers. In addition, our findings raise the possibility that lupus autoantibodies may be partly responsible for the intrinsic deficiencies in DNA repair and the unexpectedly low rates of breast, ovarian, and prostate cancers observed in SLE patients. In summary, this study provides the basis for the potential use of a lupus anti-DNA antibody in cancer therapy and identifies lupus autoantibodies as a potentially rich source of therapeutic agents.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number3004385
JournalScience translational medicine
Volume4
Issue number157
DOIs
StatePublished - Oct 24 2012
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Medicine(all)

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